In Preparation

Gryder, K., & Dowling, W. J. (2019). Similar enough to recognize? Effects of varying timbre, tempo, and experience on melody recognition. Manuscript in preparation.

Raman, R., Murali, S., Kriegsman, M.A., & Dowling, W.J. (2017). Sorting Carnātic melodies based on perceived similarity of rāgams: A cross-cultural study using DiSTATIS. Manuscript in preparation.

Raman, R., & Dowling, W. J. (2015). Effects of key membership and interval size in perceiving wrong notes: A cross-cultural study. Manuscript in preparation.

Raman, R., & Dowling, W. J. (2014). Perceiving tonality in South Indian classical (Carnātic) melodies by Indian and Western musicians and nonmusicians. Manuscript in preparation.

Raman, R., Beaton, D., Abdi, H., Tillmann, B., & Dowling, W. J. (2013). Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven: Listeners’ perception of similarities and differences in their compositions. Manuscript in preparation.

Under Review

Mizener, B., Vandenberghe, M., Abdi, H., & Chollet, S. (2021). Cognitive music listening space: A multivariate approach. 

Under Revision

Korsakova-Kreyn, M., & Dowling, W. J. (2008). Mental rotation in visual and musical space: Comparing pattern recognition in different modalities.

Mizener, B., & Dowling, W. J. (2021). Real-time modulation perception in Western classical music. 

Raman, R., Tillmann, B., & Dowling, W. J. (2018). Schematic and veridical information in detecting wrong notes in melodies.


Raman, R., Kriegsman, M. A., Abdi, H., Tillmann, B., & Dowling, W. J. (2020). Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven: Sorting piano excerpts based on perceived similarity using DiSTATIS. New Ideas in Psychology, 57, 100757.

2010 – 2019

Layman, S. L., & Dowling, W. J. (2018). Did you hear the vocalist? Differences in processing between short segments of familiar and unfamiliar music. Music Perception, 35(5), 607-621.

Raman, R., & Dowling, W. J. (2017). Perception of modulations in South Indian classical (Carnātic) music by student and teacher musicians: A cross-cultural study. Music Perception, 34(4), 424-437.

Dowling, W. J., Magner, H., & Tillmann, B. (2016). Memory improvement for popular music with wide-awake listeners. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, & Brain 26(1), 26-34.

Raman, R., & Dowling, W. J. (2016). Real-time probing of modulations in South Indian classical (Carnātic) music by Indian and Western musicians. Music Perception, 33(3), 367-393.

Dowling, W. J., & Tillmann, B. (2014). Memory improvement while hearing music: Effects of structural continuity on feature binding. Music Perception, 32(1), 11-32.

Korsakova-Kreyn, M., & Dowling, W. J. (2014). Emotional processing in music: Study in affective responses to tonal modulation in controlled harmonic progressions and real music. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain, 24(1), 4-20.

Tillmann, B., Dowling, W. J., Lalitte, P., Molin, P., Schulze, K., Poulin-Charronnat, B., Schoen, D., & Bigand, E. (2013). Influence of expressive versus mechanical musical performance on short-term memory for musical excerpts. Music Perception, 30(4), 419-425.

Schulze, K., Dowling, W. J., & Tillmann, B. (2012). Working memory for tonal and atonal sequences during a forward and a backward recognition task. Music Perception, 29(3), 255-267.

Dowling, W. J. (2010). Qualia as intervening variables in the understanding of music cognition. Musica Humana, 2(1), 1-20.

2000 – 2009

Dowling, W. J., Tillmann, B., & Ayers, D. (2001). Memory and the experience of hearing music. Music Perception, 19(2), 249-276.

Dowling, W. J., & Tillmann, B. (2004). Les rôles de l’apprentissage perceptif et de l’expertise dans la mémoire des sons, de la musique et de la poésie. Revue de Neuropsychologie, 14(2), 169-190.

Tillmann, B., & Dowling, W. J. (2007). Memory decreases for prose, but not for poetry. Memory & Cognition, 35(4), 628-639.

Dowling, W. J., Bartlett, J. C., Halpern, A. R., & Andrews, M. W. (2008). Melody recognition at fast and slow tempos: Effects of age, experience, and familiarity. Perception & Psychophysics, 70(3), 496-502.

Marmel, F., Tillmann, B., & Dowling, W. J. (2008). Tonal expectations influence pitch perception. Perception & Psychophysics, 70(5), 841-852.

Dowling, W. J. (2009). My life in music cognition research. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, & Brain, 20(1-2), 53-63.

1990 – 1999

Dowling, W. J. (1990). Expectancy and attention in melody perception. Psychomusicology, 9(2), 148-160.

Andrews, M. W., & Dowling, W. J. (1991). The development of perception of interleaved melodies and control of auditory attention. Music Perception, 8(4), 349-368.

Dowling, W. J. (1991). Tonal strength and melody recognition after long and short delays. Perception & Psychophysics, 50(4), 305-313.

Drake, C., Dowling, W. J., & Palmer, C. (1991). Accent structures in the reproduction of simple tunes by children and adult pianists. Music Perception, 8(3), 315-334.

Bartlett, J. C., Halpern, A. R., & Dowling, W. J. (1995). Recognition of familiar and unfamiliar melodies in normal aging and Alzheimer’s disease. Memory & Cognition, 23(5), 531-546.

Dowling, W. J., Kwak, S.-Y., & Andrews, M. W. (1995). The time course of recognition of novel melodies. Perception & Psychophysics, 57(2), 136-149.

Halpern, A. R., Bartlett, J. C., & Dowling, W. J. (1995). Aging and experience in the recognition of musical transpositions. Psychology and Aging, 10(3), 325-342.

Ziegler, L. R., & Dowling, W. J. (1995). The hierarchical nature of perceiving direction of motion in depth from optic flow. Vision Research, 35(10), 1435-1446.

Halpern, A. R., Kwak, S.-Y., Bartlett, J. C., & Dowling, W. J. (1996). Effects of aging and musical experience on the representation of tonal hierarchies. Psychology and Aging, 11(2), 235-246.

Andrews, M. W., Dowling, W. J., Bartlett, J. C., & Halpern, A. R. (1998). Identification of speeded and slowed familiar melodies by younger, middle-aged, and older musicians and nonmusicians. Psychology and Aging, 13(3), 462-471.

Halpern, A. R., Bartlett, J. C., & Dowling, W. J. (1998). Perception of mode, rhythm, and contour in unfamiliar melodies: Effects of age and experience. Music Perception, 15(4), 335-355.

1980 – 1989

Bartlett, J. C., & Dowling, W. J. (1980). Recognition of transposed melodies: A key-distance effect in developmental perspective. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 6(3), 501-515.

Dowling, W. J., & Bartlett, J. C. (1981). The importance of interval information in long-term memory for melodies. Psychomusicology, 1(1), 30-49.

Dowling, W. J. (1984). Musical experience and tonal scales in the recognition of octave-scrambled melodies. Psychomusicology, 4(1-2), 13-32.

Dowling, W. J. (1986). Context effects on melody recognition: Scale-step versus interval representations. Music Perception, 3(3), 281-296.

Dowling, W. J., Lung, K. M.-T., & Herrbold, S. (1987). Aiming attention in pitch and time in the perception of interleaved melodies. Perception & Psychophysics, 41(6), 642-656.

Bartlett, J. C., & Dowling, W. J. (1988). Scale structure and similarity of melodies. Music Perception, 5(3), 285-314.

Dowling, W. J. (1989). Programming small computers to produce experiments in music cognition. Psychomusicology, 8(2), 183-190.

Dowling, W. J. (1989). Simplicity and complexity in music and cognition. Contemporary Music Review, 4(1), 247-253.

1960 – 1979

Ranken, H. B., & Dowling, W. J. (1965). Language and thinking: The interaction of naming with relevance and concreteness. Psychonomic Science, 3(1), 459-460.

Dowling, W. J. (1971). Recognition of inversions of melodies and melodic contours. Perception & Psychophysics, 9(3B), 348-349.

Dowling, W. J., & Fujitani, D. S. (1971). Contour, interval, and pitch recognition in memory for melodies. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 49(2B), 524-531.

Dowling, W. J. (1972). Recognition of melodic transformations: Inversion, retrograde, and retrograde inversion. Perception & Psychophysics, 12(5), 417-421.

Dowling, W. J. (1973). Rhythmic groups and subjective chunks in memory for melodies. Perception & Psychophysics, 14(1), 37-40.

Dowling, W. J. (1973). The perception of interleaved melodies. Cognitive Psychology, 5(3), 322-337.

Dowling, W. J., & Hollombe, A. W. (1977). The perception of melodies distorted by splitting into several octaves: Effects of increasing proximity and melodic contour. Perception & Psychophysics, 21(1), 60-64.

Dowling, W. J. (1978). Dichotic recognition of musical canons: Effects of leading ear and time lag between ears. Perception & Psychophysics, 23(4), 321-325.

Dowling, W. J. (1978). Scale and contour: Two components of a theory of memory for melodies. Psychological Review, 85(4), 341-354.

Dowling, W. J. (1979). The cognitive psychology of music. Humanities Association Review/La Revue de l’Association des Humanités, 30, 58-67.